Obesity and its impacts !

 

Obesity represents a state of storage of excess body fat.
Similar term,  overweight is defined as an excess of body weight for the height.

It’s very important to take steps to tackle obesity because, as well as causing obvious physical changes, it can lead to a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions. According to a recent research at Cleveland Clinic, Ohio, US, Obesity per se is associated with an increased risk of developing both type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD).

For each unit increase in body mass index (BMI), the risk of type 2 diabetes increased by 67%, while the risk of CAD increased by 20%.

Even if other cardiovascular risk factors are normal or being treated, excess fat is still harmful and cannot be ignored.

Obesity is “not simply a lifestyle choice,” despite the contribution of lifestyle factors.

Cardiovascular disease is increasingly a cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Obesity should remain a major focus of public health initiatives.

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women.
For most adults, a BMI of:

  • 18.5 to 24.9 means you’re a healthy weight
  • 25 to 29.9 means you’re overweight
  • 30 to 39.9 means you’re obese
  • 40 or above means you’re severely obese

Click here to calculate your BMI value.

Important to note that, in most cases any reduction in BMI is likely beneficial.

A better measure of excess fat is waist circumference. Generally, men with a waist circumference of 94cm (37in) or more and women with a waist circumference of 80cm (about 31.5in) or more are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems.

Treatment:

The best way to treat obesity is to eat a healthy, reduced-calorie diet and exercise regularly.

Exercise increases metabolic activity and reduces body fat. Aerobic isotonic exercises like brisk walking, jogging, running, etc. are of the greatest value for persons who are obese. The ultimate minimum goal should be to achieve 30-60 minutes of continuous aerobic exercise 5-7 times per week. Although most patients may be unable to sustain enough regular exercise to achieve weight loss, consistent, moderate exercise is important in maintaining weight and in improving overall cardiorespiratory fitness. Shorter bouts of exercise of around 10 minutes are associated with better adherence and more weight loss than are longer bouts of exercise.

If lifestyle changes alone don’t help you lose weight, consult a medical practitioner.

 

Stay healthy, stay happy !!


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About Dr. Nikhil Aggarwal

I am a doctor by profession, resident of Gurgaon, Haryana. I want to enjoy every moment of my life and face the challenges as they come. In my view traveling is one of the best ways to detoxify our mind, body & soul. Wherever I go I try to explore the destination as much as possible. Recently, I have started writing and sharing my experiences & knowledge through my blog.
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