Next day after Diwali is celebrated in many parts of India as Govardhan Puja and Vishwakarma Day. In Maharashtra it is celebrated as Padva or BaliPratipada.
Govardhan Puja, also called Annakoot(heap of food) is celebrated with great enthusiasm in the states of Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. There is a tradition of building cow dung hillocks(in the shape of a human) around noon time, which symbolize the mount Govardhan, the mountain which was once lifted by Lord Krishna. These hillocks are decorated with flowers. People worship the hillock in the late evening by moving around it in circles and offering prayers to Lord Govardhan.
On this auspicious day people prepare fifty-six(Chhappan Bhog) or one hundred and eight different varieties of delicious dishes to offer Lord Krishna. Huge quantities of mouth-watering food is prepared in temples and offered as free prasad to all devotees, rich or poor. It contains mainly of Kadhi, Bajra, Rice, Pooris, Mix vegetable(brinjal,radish and potato are the main ingredients), and Kheer. Thus, by offering the Annakoota people show their gratitude towards the Lord.
Legend of Govardhan Puja
‘Govardhan’ is a small hillock situated at ‘Braj’, near Mathura. The legends in ‘Vishnu Puraan’ have it that the people of Gokul used to worship and offer prayers and lavish meals to Lord Indra for the rains because they believed that it was he who sent rains for their welfare but Lord Krishna told them that it was Mount Govardhan (Govardhan Parvat) and not Lord Indra who caused rains therefore they should worship the former.This made Lord Indra so furious that the people of Gokul had to face very heavy rains as a result of his anger. Then Lord Krishna came forward to ensure their security and after performing worship and offering prayers to Mount Govardhan lifted it as an umbrella on the little finger of his right hand so that everyone could take shelter under it. After this event Lord Krishna was also known as Giridhari or Govardhandhari.
Vishwakarma Day is a day of celebration for Vishwakarma, a Hindu god, the divine architect. He constructed the holy city of Dwarka where Krishna ruled, the Maya Sabha of the Pandavas, and was the creator of many fabulous weapons for the gods. He is also called the divine carpenter, is mentioned in the Rig Veda, and is credited with Sthapatya Veda, the science of mechanics and architecture.
The festival is observed primarily in factories and industrial areas. It is also celebrated by artisans, craftsmen, mechanics, smiths, welders, and almost all types of workers. They pray for a better future, safe working conditions and, above all, success in their respective fields. It is customary for craftsmen to worship their tools in his name, refraining from using the tools while doing so. Modern electronic servers are also worshipped for their smooth functioning.