Obesity and its impacts !

 

Obesity represents a state of storage of excess body fat.
Similar term,  overweight is defined as an excess of body weight for the height.

It’s very important to take steps to tackle obesity because, as well as causing obvious physical changes, it can lead to a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions. According to a recent research at Cleveland Clinic, Ohio, US, Obesity per se is associated with an increased risk of developing both type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD).

For each unit increase in body mass index (BMI), the risk of type 2 diabetes increased by 67%, while the risk of CAD increased by 20%.

Even if other cardiovascular risk factors are normal or being treated, excess fat is still harmful and cannot be ignored.

Obesity is “not simply a lifestyle choice,” despite the contribution of lifestyle factors.

Cardiovascular disease is increasingly a cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Obesity should remain a major focus of public health initiatives.

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women.
For most adults, a BMI of:

  • 18.5 to 24.9 means you’re a healthy weight
  • 25 to 29.9 means you’re overweight
  • 30 to 39.9 means you’re obese
  • 40 or above means you’re severely obese

Click here to calculate your BMI value.

Important to note that, in most cases any reduction in BMI is likely beneficial.

A better measure of excess fat is waist circumference. Generally, men with a waist circumference of 94cm (37in) or more and women with a waist circumference of 80cm (about 31.5in) or more are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems.

Treatment:

The best way to treat obesity is to eat a healthy, reduced-calorie diet and exercise regularly.

Exercise increases metabolic activity and reduces body fat. Aerobic isotonic exercises like brisk walking, jogging, running, etc. are of the greatest value for persons who are obese. The ultimate minimum goal should be to achieve 30-60 minutes of continuous aerobic exercise 5-7 times per week. Although most patients may be unable to sustain enough regular exercise to achieve weight loss, consistent, moderate exercise is important in maintaining weight and in improving overall cardiorespiratory fitness. Shorter bouts of exercise of around 10 minutes are associated with better adherence and more weight loss than are longer bouts of exercise.

If lifestyle changes alone don’t help you lose weight, consult a medical practitioner.

 

Stay healthy, stay happy !!


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World Hypertension Day

Yesterday, 17th May was World Hypertension Day.

Hypertension, also known as high or raised blood pressure, is a condition in which the blood vessels have persistently raised pressure. Blood is carried from the heart to all parts of the body in the vessels. Each time the heart beats, it pumps blood into the vessels. Blood pressure is created by the force of blood pushing against the walls of blood vessels (arteries) as it is pumped by the heart. The higher the pressure the harder the heart has to pump. If left uncontrolled, hypertension can lead to a heart attack. Hypertension can also lead to stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and cognitive impairment.

Hypertension: The Silent Killer

Hypertension is a lifelong disorder. For optimal control, a long-term commitment to lifestyle modifications and medical therapy is required. Most people with hypertension have no symptoms at all; this is why it is known as the “silent killer”. Sometimes hypertension causes symptoms such as headache, shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pain, palpitations of the heart and nose bleeds, but not always. Hypertension is the most important preventable cause of heart disease and stroke worldwide.

All adults should have their blood pressure checked routinely, it is important to know your numbers. If blood pressure is high, consult your doctor. You must adhere to the prescribed medication, lifestyle changes and monitor your health. People with high blood pressure that also have high blood sugar, elevated blood cholesterol or kidney damage face even higher risk of heart attacks and stroke. Therefore it is important that regular checks for blood sugar, blood cholesterol and urine albumin take place.

Various strategies to decrease cardiovascular disease risk include the following:

  • Prevention and treatment of obesity: an increase in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference is associated with an increased risk of developing conditions with high cardiovascular risk, such as hypertension and diabetes.
  • Regular physical activity and promotion of physical activity for children and young people (at least 30 minutes a day).
  • Diets low in salt, total fat, and cholesterol. Reducing salt intake to less than 5 g of salt per day (just under a teaspoon).
  • Adequate dietary intake of potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Eating five servings of fruit and vegetables a day.
  • Limited alcohol consumption.
  • Avoidance of cigarette smoking.
  • Avoidance of the use of illicit drugs, such as cocaine.
  • Managing stress in healthy way such as through meditation, appropriate physical exercise, and positive social contact.

Many people with high blood pressure in developing countries are not aware of their disease, and do not have access to treatments that could control their blood pressure and significantly reduce their risk of death and disability from heart disease and stroke. Detection, treatment and control of hypertension is an important health priority worldwide.

 

Stay healthy Stay happy !!

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Have you taken the Flu Vaccination??

Influenza/Flu is a serious disease that can lead to hospitalization and sometimes even death. Every flu season is different, and influenza infection can affect people differently, but millions of people get the flu every year, hundreds of thousands of people are hospitalized and thousands or tens of thousands of people die from flu-related causes every year. Even healthy people can get very sick from the flu and spread it to others. An annual seasonal flu vaccine is the best way to reduce your risk of getting sick with seasonal flu and spreading it to others. When more people get vaccinated against the flu, less flu can spread through that community.

Flu season starts from October and continues till May. It is best to get vaccinated in early October but even now it’s not too late. This vaccine is made to protect against Influenza A (including H1N1) and Influenza B. The vaccination will make the infection milder even if you get sick.

 

Ideally, everyone 6 months or older should get this vaccine every year. But this Flu vaccine is particularly important for  many people who are at high risk of developing Influenza. They are:

  • Children younger than 5 years, but especially children younger than 2 years old.
  • Adults 65 years of age and older
  • Pregnant women( and women up to two weeks after delivery)
  • People living in medical care for long durations for their illnesses.

People having any of the following conditions must also take the Flu shot:

  • Asthma
  • Neurological and neurodevelopmental conditions
  • Chronic lung diseases
  • Cardiac disorders
  • Blood related diseases
  • Endocrine disorders like Diabetes
  • Liver/Kidney problems
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Decreased immunity conditions like HIV, cancer or those on long term steroids
  • People younger than 19 years of age who are receiving long-term aspirin therapy
  • People with extreme obesity(BMI>40)

Apart from taking the vaccine, follow this advice:

  • Avoid close contact with sick people, avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth, cover your coughs and sneezes, wash your hands often (with soap and water), and clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with flu viruses.
  • If you become sick, limit contact with others as much as possible. Remember to cover your nose and mouth properly when you cough or sneeze. Stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone for 24 hours without the use of a fever-reducing medicine before resuming normal activities.)

 

For more details about Flu, you can refer to the CDC Website

Stay Healthy, Stay Happy !!

 

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Sprouts- A Vegetarian Supermeal

Nowdays, many food items have become popular as Superfoods like berries, wheatgrass, brocolli, garlic, etc. But as per various reputed National health organisations, their role is questionable. One main reason for it is that we usually can’t consume them in a quantity required to give the desired results. Also, they are usually expensive.

But we have one food product which I consider not just as a Superfood but as a complete Super Meal, and it is the Sprouts.

Sprouts are basically germinated seeds. They are very rich in a variety of nutrients. Sprouts can be prepared from various lentils and beans like moong, moth, kala chana(black chickpea), lobia, rajma, etc.

A large population in developing countries like India suffers from malnutrition. Same way many people are now suffering from overnutrition, i.e. having more food than required by the body resulting in obesity and related morbidity. Adding sprouts in your daily diet is the remedy for both of these. Sprouts provide almost all the nutrients required by the body thus very good for malnutrition of all types. Also having a bowl of sprouts as per the recipe below will keep your appetite full so that you don’t keep hogging between the meals thus helping you in weight loss.

Most of the people are not aware about the huge wealth of nutrients stored in sprouts. Many don’t like the taste. I will be telling you people about the benefits of sprouts and a recipe to make sprouts salad much more nutritious and also very tasty.

I used kala chana for my sprouts salad. Sprouts are prepared by soaking the kala chana in water and then lightly boiling after they have germinated. This makes them easy to digest. You can add almost anything to a bowl of sprouts. In my preparation, I have used the following:

  • Kala chana (main ingredient)
  • Almonds, cashew, raisins, walnut
  • Roasted Groundnuts
  • Chopped tomatoes, onions, garlic, ginger
  • Salt, chaat masala, pepper, triphala churn, crushed flax seeds
  • Honey, olive oil, some vinegar, lemon juice

There is no fixed quantity of ingredients. You may add all these as per your taste. To this bowl, you can also add paneer cubes, pumpkin seeds, etc to make it even more nutritious.

Benefits:

  • Very easy to prepare.
  • Very cheap.
  • Very filling so you won’t crave for junk food.
  • Though it is good for breakfast but can be eaten any time.
  • Any body can have it, irrespective of your medical condition.
  • There is no fixed recipe. You can make it the way you want.
  • It serves as a complete meal in itself.
  • It helps in weight loss as it controls junk eating and the fiber content helps in digestion.
  • There are many things which are very good for health but not so tasty like flax seeds, triphala churn, garlic, etc. Such things easily blend in it and you won’t feel much and still get their benefits.

Nutritional Value:

Very high in proteins, dietary fiber, iron (about 40% daily requirement), folic acid, Vitamin C, and almost every vitamin & mineral. It is low in saturated fats.

  • Proteins – very essential for growing children, pregnant & lactating mothers.
  • Carbohydrates – Source of energy for the body.
  • Fats – Fats are also essential for our body but in limited quantity. Sprouts salad will provide you some amount of good fats and very less saturated fats.
  • Iron – Required by body mainly for blood formation and other functions.
  • Folic acid – Very important for pregnant mothers to prevent birth defects in the baby.
  • Vitamin C – Required for many functions of the body. It also helps in absorption of iron from the food we eat.
  • Sprouts like kala chana also contain good amount of potassium and very low sodium which is very good to maintain a healthy blood pressure.
  • They also have good amounts of calcium, and other vitamins & minerals.
  • Such a bowl of sprouts salad has a very high content of dietary fiber which helps in digestion, prevents constipation, and decreases the absorption of bad cholesterol into the blood.

Ideally everyone should have a bowl of sprouts for the breakfast daily. You must change the main lentil of your sprout salad to have a more variety of nutrients.

This post has been written to emphasize you the importance of sprouts for meeting our daily nutrition requirements, especially protein and iron. This will be submitted for a very good awareness campaign being done by Livogen

Stay healthy, stay happy.

 

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World Diabetes Day 2017

World Diabetes Day was created in 1991 by International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organization in response to growing concerns about the escalating health threat posed by diabetes. World Diabetes Day became an official United Nations Day in 2006.

The theme of World Diabetes Day 2017 is Women and diabetes – our right to a healthy future.

The campaign will promote the importance of affordable and equitable access for all women at risk for or living with diabetes to the essential diabetes medicines and technologies, self-management education and information they require to achieve optimal diabetes outcomes and strengthen their capacity to prevent type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes is more of a lifestyle disorder than a disease. Upto 70% cases of Type 2 diabetes can be prevented just by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Also, those who have already been diagnosed with diabetes can do good with minimal doses of medication if they improve their lifestyle.

I am adding some informative posters for your reference….

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Fading charm of medical profession:complex working scenarios for doctors- no solution in sight

Evolution of Medical profession-Extinction of good doctors

stark reality of complex medical scenario hits the studious and meritorious medical students on the face when they come out of college and start working in present environment. After a difficult time at medical college with slave like duties, an unsettled family life and with no money, these brilliant doctors begin their struggle. They work at various hospitals to gain more experience and slowly acclimatize themselves to the real problems of this profession. They realize that the actual medical world is far different than what was apparent from inside the medical college. Suddenly they find that their lives undergo a sea change. The goals that were taught in the medical college are now just not enough and they actually constitute only smaller part of a much larger system. And the scenario seems to getting worse for doctors with each passing day.
There is increasing discontentment amongst doctors because of complex…

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Gokuldhaam Gau Seva Mahateerth

Recently, I went to the Gokuldhaam Gau Seva Mahateerth with my family.

This is a hospital for the treatment of cows and other cattle, located on Gurgaon-Jhajjar road,Dadri Toye in Jhajjar district of Haryana. There are a large number of Gaushalas in our country where cattle are kept in good care but this is a new idea for the service of the cow which is considered as Gaumata and worshipped in India.

Here I will elaborate few important facts about this hospital:

  • It is the first cow hospital in whole of Haryana.
  • It was started by Shri Sunil Nimana in the year 2013 on approx. 3 acres of a leased land.
  • They have excellent facilities and a dedicated team for the treatment of cows. At present, 25 qualified veterinary doctors and about 90 other staff are employed.
  • Thousands of sick and injured cows and other cattle are brought here and given excellent medical treatment. Present capacity of the hospital is about 1000 cattle. So far, more than 30000 cattle have been treated in this hospital.
  • Many a times, difficult cases have been referred here even from the Govt. veterinary hospital and managed successfully.
  • The cattle are tagged in order to maintain proper records.
  • They have 8 Ambulance vans to fetch the injured or sick cows from within a radius of approx. 200 kms. Anybody can report a sick or injured cow at their ambulance number 8816809191.
  • Newly born calves whose mother dies are fed milk with bottles till they are grown up to take the fodder.
  • On our visit we saw cattle with variety of problems like some with broken limb, acid burns, petrol burns, road accident, etc. There was one cow who had eaten a lot of metal along with garbage. The staff told us that recently they operated another cow and removed about 1.5 kgs of metal and 7-8 kgs of polythene from a her stomach.
  • After treatment, the healthy cattle are sent to Gaushalas or given to any willing person who wants to take care of them.
  • This hospital is run privately with the help of public donations. You can also make your contributions for the welfare of cows. Shri Sunil Nimana can be contacted on his personal no. 9813820938.

I am posting few pictures from my visit to the hospital.

A must visit for any cow lover or animal lover.

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